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188                                    FLORA IND1CA.                  [Sftnispermacea.

quite distinct from that occupied by the seed, which is like that of other Coceulea.
These large cavities are separated from cue another by ft thin doable plate, in the few-
nuts we have seen perforated by a hole, so as to connect the two cavities ; this is,
however, possibly artificial. The funicje or nutritive cord probably passes to the
seed between these plates. These cavities are, in the dried state, empty, and are
covered externally by a thin arch of the putamen ; they communicate by very narrow
canals with its outer surface near the base of the drape, and evidently correspond to
the deep external excavations of the putamen of Coccufas or Stcphania. The boxry
arch by which they are covered springs from the sides of the seed-containing cavity.

We have examined the wood of three species of this genus, and find nearly the
same structure in all.

In L. velutina a piece of stem, several years old, and half an inch in diameter, is
tolerably firm and woody in consistence, reddish insiQe, fun-owed and pubescent exter-
nally. Pith two-thirds the diameter of the stem, central parts of soft utricular tissue,
gradually passing externally into long, narrow, woody tubes, which in a transverse
section resemble a thick zone of liber, but have square extremities, traversed by ca-
nals full of reel fluid. Medullary rays dense. Wedges of wood close to circumfe-
rence, about forty, broadly ovute, romidcil towards the bark and pith, of very large
barred vessels and dotted pleurenehyina. Liber-bundles semilunar, placed at outer
extremity of each wood-bundle, and more or less entangled in it. Medullary rays
of dense, radially elongated mural cells. Bark a very thin layer of hexagonal cellular
tissue.

lu L. obfonga the whole substance of the wood-wedges appears, in a transverse
section, to be formed of broad vessels and liber, which latter, in a vertical section,
consists of pk'ureiichyma, with perforated walls. The liber seems to be hardly at all
added to in the&e species after the first year.

In L. cusindata a two or three years old portion of stem is of a degsc woody con-
sistence. Pith one-third the diameter of stem, of loose, hexagonal, soft, spongy
cellular tissue in the centre, passing into cubical cells towards circumference, and
then lengthening into a dense, hard woody layer of long, tabes, with truncate cuds.
MtduUary raj/8 large, of minute, cubical, thick-walled cells. Wood-stones forty nar-
row wedges of dotted pleurenehyma, and large transversely marked vessels, tiber-
bwjte reniform. Bark a very narrow, dense zone of cellular tissue. A second
tonal! deposit of liber is often seen outside each wood-zone.

1. L* triandra (Miers in Taylor's Annals, ser. 2. vii. 43) ; foliis
oblongo-hnceolatis acutis glabris, paniculis racemifonmbus folio brevi-
oribus, floribus triandris.  Menispermum triandruw, Ifacb. JL Ind. iii.
S1G. Cocculus triandrus, Cokbr. in Linn. Tr. adii. 64; Wall. CM,
49G2 ! 4939 C! 4958 L!

HAB. Malaya ad Penang, RoxbJ Pegu prope Prdme, WaUJ  (0.*.)

Bcandens; ramnlis pnberulis demnm glabratis, folia 2-4 poll; longa,
$-l polL lata, petiolis pnberulis i-pollicaribus, basi rotundata, triplinervia, apice
ucuta rel acumiuata cum mucrone, tenuia. Fanicula ^-li-pollicares, puberalaj;
ramuli bructeis minutis decjduis stipati, abbreviati, 8-5-flori. Ftores flavi, muiutis-
slini. Srpala exteriora minuta, iuteriora oyalk. Petata 6, anguste obovata, in-
tcgra. Stamina 3, sepalia exterioribus opposita ; fit amenta carnosa, cnueato-oJblonga,
erecta; atithera teniiinales, biloculurcs, loculis adnatis divaricatis lateralibos.
Mr. Micrs constitutes of this a distinct section, characterized by the absence of half
the number of aUmens. We agree with him in considering this character not to be of
generic importance, and we fiarther think that the species is too nearly allied in habit
iiud characters to the two next; both of which are hcxandrous, to make it desirable to
place it in a distinct section. Mr. Micrs has noted in the WaUicbiau collection that
the Apceimeii of Cocculu* WigUiauas, from Frouie, 405D 0, belongs to this species ;
bttl he SCHMUS to have afterwards jegurded tt as distiucl, as he states in Tuylor'a An-